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Is fish food given by crumbling?

Aquarium fish are creatures that require proper care, and feeding can be challenging if you’re inexperienced. So, should fish food be crumbled? How often and how much food should be given daily? What precautions should you take when feeding goldfish? We’ll cover all of these details below.

Before we discuss how to feed the fish, let’s touch on other related topics.

Why Doesn’t a Fish Eat?

If you’re saying “my fish isn’t eating” and are aware of the issue, it’s important to know that there could be numerous reasons behind this. If everything was going fine and suddenly your fish stops eating, the reason might be an illness, bad feed, or poor water conditions.

Lack of appetite in aquarium fish is often due to illness. To address this issue, the root cause must first be identified. If you’re consistent with water changes and are sure about the correct water conditions, you should check whether the feed you are using is appropriate for the fish you’re keeping.

Even if the correct fish feed is being used and appetite loss is still observed, a physical examination of the fish is required. The fish might have lost its appetite as a result of an illness and could be refusing to eat. For more information, you can check our guide on common diseases: Aquarium Fish Diseases

If you’re talking about a goldfish, our guide on Goldfish Diseases will also be helpful.

What Happens When You Overfeed a Fish?

Many people, especially those inexperienced with fish, continue feeding them excessively because they see the fish eating constantly and think it’s still hungry. So, what happens when you overfeed a fish?

Overfeeding is not only harmful to the fish but also leads to rapid water pollution in the aquarium. An aquarium with dirty water can quickly turn into a potential disease pool.

Another consequence is that due to the increase in harmful elements, oxygen cannot mix well with the water. As a result, fish that cannot get enough oxygen will encounter diseases.

Moreover, troublesome algae and moss will have a chance to cover the entire aquarium base and glass.

The biggest problems that arise from overfeeding your fish include:

  • Increase in ammonia and nitrite levels in the water.
  • Difficult-to-handle algae issues.
  • Swim bladder issues in goldfish.
  • Uneaten food settling at the bottom, deteriorating water quality rapidly.
  • Various diseases in fish, including constipation, tail rot, and liver problems.

Overfeeding your fish can backfire, leading to various diseases and discomforts. To prevent this, all you need to do is feed them the correct amount of food. Now, let’s discuss how to feed the fish.

Should Fish Feed be Crumbled?, How to Feed Fish?

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One of the first questions newcomers to the aquarium hobby ask at fish stores or online is about how to feed the fish and whether the fish food should be crumbled.

The answer to this question varies depending on which type of fish you’re feeding and the size of the fish. Normally, if you have adult fish and you’ve obtained the right food for them, there’s no need to crumble or grind the food.

However, if the fish you’ve been caring for have given birth or if you’ve acquired very small fry (baby fish), then the fish food should be crumbled so that it can fit into their mouths and they can feed easily.

When it comes to the question of how to feed fish, the first thing you need to do is turn off the aquarium filter and any devices that create waves. Then, introduce the fish food at 1 or 2 points in the tank. One thing you should be careful about is not to overfeed.

So, how much food should you give to fish? How many pellets or flakes should you feed a fish daily? There’s a good method to help you determine the right amount.

Observe the food you’ve added and ensure that the fish finish it within 3 minutes. If the fish can’t finish the food within 2-3 minutes, it means you’re overfeeding. To check if you’re underfeeding, you can apply the opposite logic.

How many times a day should fish be fed?

Now that we’ve discussed how much and how to feed, the next question is, how many times a day should you feed the fish?

To avoid overfeeding, you can feed your fish twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Any more than that would be excessive. For hardy aquarium fish, depending on the species, you can feed once a day. Generally, once a day is a suitable feeding time for most fish.

How to feed goldfish?

Many goldfish are sensitive when it comes to feeding, and improper feeding can result in the death of your fish. So, it’s crucial to understand the right way to feed goldfish.

As mentioned above, overfeeding should be strictly avoided. Overfeeding goldfish can result in far more harmful consequences compared to other species. Overfed goldfish can experience swim bladder problems, leading to swimming abnormalities.

Therefore, when feeding goldfish, only a small amount should be given, and you should ensure that all the food is consumed quickly to be certain you’re not overfeeding. Although it varies by breed, you can try giving an amount of food equivalent to a lentil per fish as a starting point.

Aquarium Fish Food Types

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The type of food given to fish should be determined based on their species. If you use the wrong type of food, your fish might not get proper nutrition and might encounter various health issues.

Another crucial point is the content and quality of the food. You should avoid using unbranded foods sold openly without clear information on how they were made. Just like us, fish also require various vitamins and minerals.

Thus, you should ensure that the fish food you use has a high content of vitamins and protein. Additionally, it’s important to know whether your fish primarily requires protein-rich or plant-based food.

Common types of dry fish food based on their form include:

  • Flake Foods: These are crispy foods made for easy digestion and consumption by the fish.
  • Pellet (Granule) Foods: Granule food can be used for many types of fish. They can be smooth, round, or have small, jagged pieces.
  • Tablet Foods: Typically used for bottom-feeding fish. Some variants can be attached to the glass surface for feeding.
  • Stick Foods: Suitable for fish with larger sizes or bigger mouth dimensions.
  • Vacation Foods: These are foods produced in gel, tablet, or block form for situations where the owner is away for an extended period.

From a nutritional perspective, there are three types of food: protein-rich, plant-based, and those containing both protein and plant materials. Additionally, in recent years, garlic-containing foods have been produced to be used during illness or as a preventive measure.

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