Axolotl 1 - AxolotlPin


The axolotl, sometimes referred to as the “Mexican walking fish”, is actually an amphibian and not a fish. They are known for their unique appearance and their regenerative abilities. Caring for axolotls can be both rewarding and fun if done correctly. Here’s a comprehensive guide to axolotl care:

Axolotl Fish Species Summary:

Scientific Name: Ambystoma mexicanum
Origin: Freshwater lakes of Xochimilco and Chalco in Mexico City
Diet: Carnivore (Feeds primarily on worms, small fish, and crustaceans)
Behavior: Mostly peaceful
Behavior Towards Their Own Species: Can be territorial, especially during breeding. Adequate hiding spots and space are essential.
Swimming Zone: Bottom
Water Temperature: 15 – 20 °C
Water Hardness: 6 – 8 GH
pH Level: 7.4 – 7.8
Minimum Aquarium Volume: 80 Liters for one, but bigger is better especially if keeping multiple axolotls
Adult Size: 15 – 30 cm
Reproduction: Oviparous – They lay eggs which attach to underwater surfaces.
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years with proper care
Care: Moderate, requires cold water, regular cleaning, and avoids strong water currents.
Axolotl Fish Species Summary:

1. Tank Setup

  • Tank Size: A minimum of a 20-gallon tank is recommended for one axolotl, with an additional 10 gallons for each additional axolotl.
  • Substrate: Fine sand is ideal, as gravel can be ingested and cause impactions. Bare bottoms or large river rocks can also be used.
  • Filtration: Gentle filtration is needed. Axolotls don’t like strong currents. Sponge filters or hang-on-back filters with a low flow are suitable.
  • Temperature: Keep the water cool, between 60-68°F (15-20°C). Axolotls are cold-water animals and can become stressed in warm water. You may need a chiller during hot months.
  • Lighting: Axolotls do not require special lighting. In fact, they prefer low light conditions. If your tank is in a bright area, provide some shaded spots.
  • Decor: Provide hiding spots using PVC pipes, plants, or caves. However, ensure any decorations don’t have sharp edges.
Axolotl 2 - AxolotlPin

2. Food

  • Diet: Axolotls are carnivorous. They can be fed a variety of foods:
    • Earthworms (Nightcrawlers): A staple diet for many adult axolotls.
    • Axolotl pellets: Specially formulated for axolotls.
    • Bloodworms: Great for juveniles but not nutritionally complete for adults.
    • Daphnia, brine shrimp, or small crustaceans can be given occasionally.
  • Feeding Frequency: Feed juveniles daily and adults 2-3 times a week.

3. Lifespan

  • With proper care, axolotls can live up to 10-15 years.

4. Handling and Behavior

  • Axolotls are mostly display pets and should not be handled often. Their skin is sensitive and can be easily damaged.
  • They might appear still or inactive during the day, as they are more active at dusk or dawn.

5. Health and Illness

  • Keep an eye out for signs of stress such as refusal to eat, curved tail tip, or forward-bending gills.
  • Common health issues include fungal infections, which manifest as white fluffy patches, and physical injuries, which, while they can regenerate, should still be treated to prevent infection.
  • If your axolotl ingests gravel or appears bloated, it could have an impaction, which is a serious condition.
Axolotl 1 1 - AxolotlPin

6. Tank Mates

  • Axolotls are best kept with other axolotls of similar size. They might nip at or eat smaller axolotls.
  • Avoid putting fish with axolotls as the fish might nibble on the axolotl’s gills.

7. Breeding

  • Axolotls can breed from about 18 months of age.
  • They lay eggs which will stick to surfaces. These can be moved to a separate tank for hatching and rearing.

Axolotls are fascinating creatures that require specific care. With the right environment and diet, they can be a rewarding pet to keep. As always, ongoing research and engagement with axolotl communities or experts can help ensure you’re providing the best care for your pet.

Önerilen Yazılar

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *